Evolution of stars astronomy infographic diagram on space background. The dividing line is approximately 40 M☉, although the coolest and largest red supergiants develop from stars with initial masses of 15–25 M☉. The yellow hypergiants are actually the LBVs having formed a pseudo-photosphere and so apparently having a lower temperature.[7]. Blue giant, red giant, supergiant, supernova, black hole, neutron star. Blue supergiants are supergiant stars (class I) of spectral type O. It has a temperature of 10730 C and has a radius 75x larger than the Sun's! Quiz & Worksheet - Life Cycles of Supernovas & Supergiant Stars, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Origins of the Universe: The Big Bang and Expanding & Contracting Universes, Star Formation: Main Sequence, Dwarf & Giant Stars, Types of Telescopes: Radio, Reflecting & Refracting Telescopes, Galaxy Formation: Spiral, Elliptical & Irregular Galaxies, Inner Planets of the Solar System: Mercury, Venus, Earth & Mars, Planetary Predictors of Extraterrestrial Life, Outer Planets of the Solar System: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Dwarf Planets of the Solar System: Pluto, Eris, Haumea & Ceres, Asteroids, Meteorites & Comets: Definitions and Characteristics, CLEP Natural Sciences: Study Guide & Test Prep, Biological and Biomedical Stars which are eight times or more massive than our sun - whether they are red giants or red supergiants - end their lives in a most spectacular way; they go supernova. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. They have luminosity class I and spectral class B9 or earlier.[1]. They may "bounce" backwards and forwards executing one or more "blue loops", still at a fairly steady luminosity, until they explode as a supernova or completely shed their outer layers to become a Wolf–Rayet star. (It's worth knowing that being massive isn't always the same as being large. As the luminosity of stars increases greatly with mass, the luminosity of hypergiants often lies very close to the Eddington limit, which is the luminosity at which the radiation pressure expanding the star outward equals the force of the star's gravity collapsing the star inward. Hence it is possible for a non-hypergiant, supergiant star to have the same or higher luminosity as a hypergiant of the same spectral class.

A star starts in a stellar nebula and grows to a main sequence star (explored in another video). 's' : ''}}. Blue supergiants are among that second group. supernova. O class and early B class stars with initial masses around 10–300 M☉ evolve away from the main sequence in just a few million years as their hydrogen is consumed and heavy elements start to appear near the surface of the star.

Hypergiants are expected to have a characteristic broadening and red-shifting of their spectral lines, producing a distinctive spectral shape known as a P Cygni profile. Select a subject to preview related courses: When the core contains mostly iron, it has nothing left to fuse, and fusion in the core ceases. Rigel is 120000 times brighter than the sun and is as big as Jupiter's orbit! Follow a star's life cycle and learn how a star changes from a red giant to a supernova to a black hole or neutron star. They often lie in a "quiescent" zone with hotter stars generally being more luminous, but periodically undergo large surface eruptions and move to a narrow zone where stars of all luminosities have approximately the same temperature, around 8,000K. Most have at least ten times the mass of the Sun and many are even more massive behemoths. Above the Eddington limit, the star would generate so much radiation that parts of its outer layers would be thrown off in massive outbursts; this would effectively restrict the star from shining at higher luminosities for longer periods.

Hubble Space Telescope image of the Crab Nebula. While red supergiants are the largest stars, each with a radius between 200 and 800 times the radius of our Sun, blue supergiants are decidedly smaller. Evolution of stars astronomy infographic diagram on space background - Buy this stock vector and explore similar vectors at Adobe Stock","is_rush_mobile_compatible":false,"thumbnail_url":"https:\/\/t3.ftcdn.net\/jpg\/03\/57\/77\/72\/360_F_357777286_cBSakGnL1ixTK3Cy2BGuWIFPisnCitIB.jpg","thumbnail_width":720,"thumbnail_height":360,"is_lazy_loaded":false,"can_license_with_cct_pro":true,"file_extension":"ai","getSubtypeLabel":null,"is_licensed":false,"media_type_label":"Vector","video_small_preview_url":null,"order_key":null,"category_hierarchy":"Science","is_free":false,"avatar":null,"artist_page_url":"\/contributor\/201486963\/veronikaby?load_type=author","is_premium":false,"extended_license_price":"US$79.99","downloaded":false,"default_license_id":1,"license_details":{"1":{"product_key":"\/Applications\/StockPT1","license_price":"","facing_price":"","downloaded":false},"2":{"product_key":"\/Applications\/StockPT5","license_price":"US$79.99","facing_price":"","downloaded":false}},"is_allowed_and_purchasable":false,"is_quotable":false,"is_not_allowed_by_org_admin":false}}.

A few more stable high mass yellow supergiants with approximately the same luminosity are known and thought to be evolving towards the red supergiant phase, but these are rare as this is expected to be a rapid transition. Grade:10. [14], "Yellow Hypergiants as Dynamically Unstable Post–Red Supergiant Stars", "A Massive Hypergiant Star as the Progenitor of the Supernova SN 2005gl", "Hubble Space Telescope/NICMOS Observations of Massive Stellar Clusters near the Galactic Center", Timeline of white dwarfs, neutron stars, and supernovae, Monte Agliale Supernovae and Asteroid Survey, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Blue_supergiant_star&oldid=985056944, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 October 2020, at 18:10. This may turn into a black dwarf. Red Supergiant. Life Cycle of Different Stars. [10][11][12], Because of their extreme masses they have relatively short lifespans and are mainly observed in young cosmic structures such as open clusters, the arms of spiral galaxies, and in irregular galaxies. Luminous blue variables are a class of highly luminous hot stars that display characteristic spectral variation. Life cycle of massive stars. Rigel is 120000 times brighter than the sun and is as big as Jupiter's orbit! Quickly rotating supergiants can be highly mixed and show high proportions of helium and even heavier elements while still burning hydrogen at the core; these stars show spectra very similar to a Wolf Rayet star. answer choices . Let's follow along the path of a star. A link to set your password has been sent to: We found a license history, credits, or subscription plan in your personal profile. The blue-white supergiant Rigel is only 10 million years old! Check your knowledge with a quiz that follows the lesson. [9] While most supernovae are of the relatively homogeneous type II-P and are produced by red supergiants, blue supergiants are observed to produce supernovae with a wide range of luminosities, durations, and spectral types, sometimes sub-luminous like SN 1987A, sometimes super-luminous such as many type IIn supernovae. http://www.subway-game.com Get access risk-free for 30 days, What Historically Black Colleges Have Psychology Programs? This is the remnant of the supernova Tycho Brahe observed in 1572. Astronomy and Astrophysics.

They are termed 'blue supergiants' due to their appearance and the enormous amounts of energy that they can radiate.

Stars like the Sun end their lives as ... to less than 25 solar radii in the blue supergiant phase.

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