Sometimes known as Constans Pogonatos (“the Bearded”), he came to the throne by a series of unlikely events and his empire was immediately challenged almost everywhere by the rising Arab Caliphate. Now the Emperor ordered his Exarch of Ravenna to arrest the Pope. In 659 he campaigned far to the east, taking advantage of a […] Constans was the son of Constantine III and Gregoria. [1][2] Constans is a diminutive nickname given to the Emperor, who had been baptized Herakleios and reigned officially as Constantine.

He had rescued the empire from disaster when Constantinople was besieged in 626 CE but had lost Jerusalem to the Persians. [12] These are recorded as having begun in the year 643 with an embassy sent by the king Boduoli (波多力, Constans II Pogonatos) to Emperor Taizong of Tang, bearing gifts such as red glass and green gemstones.

By his wife Fausta, a daughter of the patrician Valentinus, Constans II had three sons: Byzantine Emperor of the Heraclian dynasty. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Constans II had little time to warm the seat of his throne before he had to deal with the ever-expanding Arab Caliphate. Meaghan Oppenheimer Family Tree, [12] The same books also described Constantinople in some detail as having massive granite walls and a water clock mounted with a golden statue of man. Constans' sons Constantine, Heraclius, and Tiberius had been associated on the throne since the 650s. Not particularly popular (either at home or in Syracuse), subject to several rebellions, despised by half the Church and with too many failures on the battlefield, he would not be missed by many, but he had, at the very least, ensured there was still an empire to pass on to his successors. In 647 they entered Armenia and Cappadocia and sacked Caesarea Mazaca. A major Arab offensive into Cilicia and Isauria in 650–651 forced the Emperor to enter into negotiations with Caliph Uthman's governor of Syria, Muawiyah. 23-25;72-3.

Constans II (aka Konstans II) was emperor of the Byzantine Empire from 641 to 668 CE. Mediaeval Greece. Exarch Olympius excused himself from this task, but his successor, Theodore I Calliopas, carried it out in 653. >Constantius the East, and Constans, the youngest brother, received the central prefecture (Italy, Africa, and Illyricum).

Constans II. Daihatsu Generator Engine Manual, Between 338 and 350 he was engaged in inconclusive but extremely bloody warfare with the Persian king Shāpūr II. He was the last emperor to serve as consul, in 642. Melba Animal Crossing Gifts, 649 or 667). Was Napoleon Bonaparte nicknamed the Sun King? Constans II : biography 630 – 668 In 658, with the eastern frontier under less pressure, Constans defeated the Slavs in the Balkans, temporarily reasserting some notion of Byzantine rule over them and resettled some of them in Anatolia (ca. SH56768.

Treadgold, Warren.

The nickname established itself in Byzantine texts and has become standard in modern historiography. The debate ended when Constans was killed in his bath by one of his own military entourage on 15 September 668 CE, with the inglorious weapon, a soap dish. A few months later, Valentinos was removed and killed by a lynch mob who favoured a properly royal ruler, the son of Constantine III, Flavius Heraclius, better known by his nickname Constans. [12] Other contacts are reported taking place in 667, 701, and perhaps 719, sometimes through Central Asian intermediaries. [1][2] Constans is a nickname given to the Emperor, who had been baptized Herakleios and reigned officially as Constantine. [8] Caliph Uthman was preparing to attack Constantinople, but he did not carry out the plan, as the first Fitna broke out in 656. Madison Mallards Stadium, He attempted to force unity within the Church through an edict, the Typos, that forbade argument about the heresy of Monothelitism and the controversial question of the divine and human natures of Christ. Constans II had little time to warm the seat of his throne before he, and the Senate acting as his regent, had to deal with the ever-expanding Arab Caliphate. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization.

His subsequent moves in Calabria and Sardinia were marked by further strippings and request of tributes that enraged his Italian subjects.

Under Constans, the Byzantines completely withdrew from Egypt in 642, and Caliph Uthman launched numerous attacks on the islands of the Mediterranean Sea and Aegean Sea. However, his name was Herakleios. Ottawa Senators Former Players,

A brief usurpation in Sicily by Mezezius was quickly suppressed by the new emperor. The latter fell in battle against the army of Caliph Uthman, and the region remained a vassal state under the Caliphate until civil war broke out and imperial rule was again restored. He was the last emperor to serve as consul, in 642. «θὲς ἄλλῳ νὶκην», see Bury, John Bagnell (1889). His son Constantine succeeded him as Constantine IV. He organized the Anatolikon and Opsikion themes in Asia Minor against the Arabs, who continued to tear away at imperial possessions.

Taking advantage of the fact that Lombard king Grimoald I of Benevento was engaged against Frankish forces from Neustria, Constans disembarked at Taranto and besieged Lucera and Benevento.

Perhaps predictably, at the first opportunity, 5,000 of the Slav soldiers defected to the Arabs in 665 CE. Diageo Dividend Calculator, Although the precocious emperor addressed the senate with a speech blaming Heraklonas and Martina for eliminating his father, he reigned under a regency of senators led by Patriarch Paul II of Constantinople. When Heraclius died in 641 CE, he had two heirs who ruled as co-emperors: Heraklonas (whose mother was Martina) and Constantine III (whose mother was Heraclius’ first wife Eudokia). A Byzantine fleet under the admiral Manuel occupied Alexandria again in 645, and the Alexandrians hailed him as a liberator, since the caliphate levied heavier taxes and showed less respect for their religion. During this struggle Constantius appointed as caesar his cousin Gallus to be administrator of the East. Constans owed his rise to the throne to a popular reaction against his uncle and to the protection of the soldiers led by the general Valentinus. [1][2] Constans is a nickname given to the Emperor, who had been baptized Herakleios and reigned officially as Constantine. How Will Music Evolve In Future, (1997).

During the journey from Benevento to Naples, Constans II was defeated by Mitolas, Count of Capua, near Pugna. Italics indicates a junior co-emperor, while underlining indicates a usurper.

Although on friendly terms with Vitalian, he stripped buildings, including the Pantheon, of their ornaments and bronze to be carried back to Constantinople, and in 666 declared the Pope of Rome to have no jurisdiction over the Archbishop of Ravenna, since that city was the seat of the exarch, his immediate representative. "Constans II." Ayy Lmao - Youtube, He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. Rumours spread that the Byzantines were suffering the wrath of God, angry at the emperor’s incestuous marriage to his own niece Martina. Constans was the son of Constantine III and Gregoria. A major Arab offensive into Cilicia and Isauria in 650–651 forced the Emperor to enter into negotiations with Caliph Uthman's governor of Syria, Muawiyah. «θὲς ἄλλῳ νὶκην», see Bury, John Bagnell (1889). Due to rumors that Heraklonas and Martina poisoned Constantine III, Constans II was named co-emperor.

Ashley Hart Wikipedia, [4] The situation was complicated by the violent opposition to Monothelitism by the clergy in the west and the related rebellion of the Exarch of Carthage, Gregory the Patrician. Constans attempted to steer a middle line in the church dispute between Orthodoxy and Monothelitism by refusing to persecute either and prohibiting further discussion of the natures of Jesus Christ by decree in 648 (the Type of Constans).



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