[6], Some of the insect stings Schmidt considers to be at a pain level of 1 include the Southern fire ant, the elongate twig ant, the Western paper wasp, the digger bee, and most small bees. All Rights Reserved. [7], Some ants are also rated at a Pain Level 3, including the giant bull ant and the Maricopa harvester ant. Along the way, he saw scientific value in measuring the pain they inflict. The most infamous member species is the so-called bullet ant (P. clavata), named on account of its powerful and potent sting, the sensation of which has often been likened with that of being shot with a bullet by those who have had the misfortune to be at its receiving end. *3.0 Paper wasp: Caustic & burning. Paraponera is a genus of a ponerine ant. His Pain Scale for Stinging Insects, which has captured public imagination more than the average scholarly bug study—and helped inspire HISTORY’s new show “Kings of Pain.” Below, a sampling of entries from Schmidt’s pain index: Like any intrepid bug researcher, Schmidt suffered his share of accidental stings while observing his subjects and collecting samples. If stings are multiple, a more severe systemic reaction may occur. In addition to their potent sting, Red Harvester ants can bite ferociously. [2] Wasp venom uniquely contains wasp kinin that exhibit kinin-like activity. Unique and particularly painful stings, like Red wasps, Paper wasps, Harvester Ants, and the Velvet Ant. He published his "Schmidt Pain Index" in 1984 (refined in later papers, eg 1990), which ranked the sting-pain on a scale from 0 (completely benign) to 4 (mostly dead). Although the sting is quite painful the effect is reported to last only a few minutes and is fatal less often than the honey bee. To give a sense of what those numbers mean, the sting of the average honey bee or wasp is rated at a "2". Their chief food source usually consists of seeds, which they hoard in great numbers, hence their name. You are chained in the flow of an active volcano. Like walking over flaming charcoal with a 3-inch nail in your heel. In its strict application, the name refers to members of the Halictidae, a large family of bees that are common in most of the world except Australia and Southeast Asia, where they are only a minor faunistic element. Schmidt considered the sting of the Maricopa harvester ant as having a pain level of 3, describing it as such: "After eight unrelenting hours of drilling into that ingrown toenail, you find the drill wedged into the toe. "[3] The bullet ant's venom primarily contains poneratoxin, a paralyzing neurotoxic peptide.[8]. The Schmidt sting pain index is a pain scale rating the relative pain caused by different hymenopteran stings. Many of these bites or stings can cause pain, death or reactions to our systems that can be mild to extreme. 2.0 Bald-faced hornet: Rich, hearty, slightly crunchy. A typical fire ant colony produces large mounds in open areas and feeds mostly on young plants, seeds, and sometimes crickets. [2], Since many small bees are categorized into a pain level of 1, most toxic polypeptides in bee venom are melittin, apamin, and MCD peptide. They normally only attack humans if their nest is disturbed. One of the kinins found in wasp kinin, "polistes kinin 3", is found to lead to similar effects on smooth musculature and circulation as bradykinin. A tiny spark has singed a single hair on your arm. Like walking across a shag carpet & reaching for the light switch. The Schmidt Sting Pain Index or The Justin O. Schmidt Pain Index is a scale rating the relative pain caused by different Hymenopteran stings. The duration of the pain of the stings in this level is generally between five and ten minutes long. The Schmidt sting pain index is a pain scale rating the relative pain caused by different hymenopteran stings. A tiny spark has singed a single hair on your arm. Watch full episodes now.

The Schmidt Sting Pain Index or The Justin O. Schmidt Pain Index is a scale rating the relative pain caused by different Hymenopteran stings. 4.0: Blinding, fierce, shockingly electric. 1.8 Bullhorn acacia ant: A rare, piercing, elevated sort of pain. [7], Feeling only slight pain, Schmidt has described the sting of a digger bee, categorized into Pain Level 1, as "almost pleasant, a lover just bit your earlobe a little too hard. Like spilling a beaker of Hydrochloric acid on a paper cut. [6] Pain is an advertisement of damage in the body, but molecules that produce pain and those that are toxic, and actively cause damage, are not the same. Melittin is the main toxin of bee venom, and it damages red blood cells and white blood cells. Schmidt has published a number of papers on the subject, and claims to have been stung by …

However, insect stings that feel very different can be put into the same level. [3], The Schmidt sting pain index arose from the pursuit of a larger hypothesis: that the evolution of sociality in Hymenoptera was dependent on the evolution of venom that was both painful and toxic.

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