The third ring is the ‘parafovea,’ which is ∼500 μm wide, and the outermost ring is the ‘perifovea,’ which is ∼1.5 mm wide and extends almost to the optic disc (Figure 1). page 18) with sacculated stomachs that contain symbiotic bacteria (Beauchop and Martucci, 1968; Suzuki et al., 1985). Due to the quickly growing human population, which causes more and more forests to be converted to farmland, housing areas, and roads, the place where the Philippine tarsier can live its secluded life is disappearing. Figure 5.4. The tarsier dental formula, 126.96.36.199/188.8.131.52, is unique among primates, but tarsier teeth resemble those of anthropoids in overall proportions, with large upper central incisors, small lower incisors, and large canines. They reach sexual maturity by the end of their second year.
When less than 10 m apart, they forage and, when they are 50 to 100 m apart, they spend most of their time traveling. The tarsier dental formula, 184.108.40.206/220.127.116.11, is unique among primates, but tarsier teeth resemble those of anthropoids in overall proportions, with large upper central incisors, small lower incisors, and large canines. CH, choroid; PE, pigment epithelium; OS, outer segment; IS, inner segment; ONL, outer nuclear or photoreceptor layer; OPL, outer plexiform layer; INL, inner nuclear layer; IPL, inner plexiform layer; GCL, ganglion cell layer.
The skulls of tarsiers are unmistakeable due to the huge, forward-directed orbits. Such specialization clearly appears in the configuration of their brain. It is found in the southeastern part of the archipelago, particularly on the islands of Bohol, Samar and Leyte It is a member of the approximately 45-million-year-old family Tarsiidae, whose name is derived from its elongated "tarsus" or ankle bone. Cone pedicles are absent. This specialization, however, is much more elaborate in colobines than in howler monkeys (Chivers, 1994; Lambert, 1998). While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control. However, although the dentition of early anthropoid taxa such as Eosimias could be interpreted as supporting tarsier–anthropoid affinities, the absence of common tarsier–anthropoid features in the ear region attributed Eosimias suggests that these features may have evolved in parallel (Kay et al., 1997). cit. Figure 6.6.
In many respects, tarsiers are extraordinarily derived. Layer 4 expressed a moderate level of CO in area 3a, which was absent in agranular area 4 (primary motor cortex). The foveal region contains the pit which is round, about 1000 μm at its widest, and 200–240 μm deep.  Tarsiers have also been reported in Sarangani, although they may be different subspecies.
2011. reproduction in which fertilization and development take place within the female body and the developing embryo derives nourishment from the female. The foveola is the region of highest cone density so that foveolar cones are very thin and long and have the longest inner and outer segments in the retina (Figures 2 and 3).
They are active at night and highly arboreal.
Mothers generally remain within 4 m of their young when foraging. The posterior parietal cortex of galagos includes a rostral division having connections with motor and somatosensory areas of cortex, and a caudal division that receives inputs from the visual cortex and is connected with the rostral division (Fang, P. C. et al., 2005; Stepniewska, I. et al., 2005). The human fovea lies on the visual axis of the eye 4 mm temporal and 0.8 mm inferior to the center of the optic disc. Of all primates only Tarsius lives exclusively on animal protein; insects, larvae, and lizards and various other small vertebrates constitute the tarsier diet.
Evolutionary Anthropology, 11: 226-234. The extensive phylogenetic analyses of anthropoid origins by Kay, Ross and Williams (e.g., Kay et al., 1997; Williams et al., 2010b) supports a sister group relationship between tarsiers and anthropoids as the most parsimonious relationship. The outer plexiform layer contains many fibers of Henle (FH) ending in cone pedicles (P).
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