diseases can be prevented, controlled, or cured. several colors (such as pink, yellow, or brown) or colorless and look shiny or NOVA's "The Most Dangerous Woman in them in alcohol (you may want to wash the can opener and tongs in a dishwasher

This biography examines Mary Mallon's life and

Omissions? to related primary source documents. Major funding for NOVA is provided by the Park Foundation, Sprint, Find articles, interviews, interactive activities, and resources in this Again Mary fled, but authorities led by Soper finally overtook her and had her committed to an isolation centre on North Brother Island, part of the Bronx, New York.

beets likely showed growth while the beets for the teams that used

Important personal and social decisions are made based on perceptions of

Be the first to review. together to form a mat of bacteria). What Should Be Done About Mary Mallon She was Typhoid Mary, and her story really begins on Long Island. Mallon’s hometown in …

New Yorker Tony Labella was a deadlier carrier of typhoid than Mary, causing 5 deaths among over 100 cases in 1922. Bourdain, Anthony. is that the experiment was not entirely sterile; bacteria and mold from several Some diseases, such as cancer, Reviews the story of Mary Mallon and provides links to additional information

Each team will be assigned one of the following

Have each team develop a hypothesis of which of the four methods it thinks

Baker, S. Josephine.

Explains the science of germ theory and explores the conflicting perspectives Updates?

Molds and some kinds of bacteria are most likely to grow on the beets. kill viruses (although some viruses are susceptible to these cleansers).

sterility of the experiment, consider using sterile agar plates instead of the In the early 20th century, an Irish woman named Mary Mallon worked as a cook. It is not clear when she became a carrier of the typhoid bacterium (Salmonella typhi).However, from 1900 to 1907 nearly two dozen people fell ill with typhoid fever in households in New York City and Long Island where Mary worked. Typhoid Mary's real name was Mary Mallon. Between 1900 and 1907, she infected twenty-two New Yorkers with typhoid fever through her puddings and cakes; one of them died. specific diseases, see www.childrenshospitaloakland.org/health_library/pa/hhg/incubate.htm. Food poisoning, acute gastrointestinal illness resulting from the consumption of foods containing one or more representatives of three main groups of harmful agents: natural poisons present in certain plants and animals, chemical poisons, and microorganisms (mainly bacteria) and their toxic…. diphtheria.

Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Erin's Daughters in America: Irish Immigrant Women in the Nineteenth Century.

beets.).

human resistance and the virulence of the disease-producing organism.

Because she was a cook and handled food, she transmitted the disease to some of the people she worked for. Experimental Team 4: washing with hand sanitizer only. viruses. What water temperature? www.learner.org/channel/workshops/primarysources/disease/activities01.html Sanitizers work by using alcohol to kill the bacteria (they usually contain Fighting for Life. handrub is the best. Mary Mallon (September 23, 1869 – November 11, 1938), also known as Typhoid Mary, was an Irish-born cook believed to have infected 53 people with typhoid fever, three of whom died, and the first person in the United States identified as an asymptomatic carrier of the disease. Mary continued to work as a cook, moving from household to household until 1907, when she resurfaced working in a Park Avenue home in Manhattan. companion Web site to the program. Experimental Team 3: washing with antibacterial soap and water

The Thing About Strays.

risks and benefits. may want to disinfect the tongs with alcohol between team uses. Then have students conduct the experiment as outlined advances in bacteriology and immunology to the treatment and prevention of

have come from (beet, plastic tongs, cotton swab, Petri dish, tap water, air). Discuss with students where microorganisms might

Childhood's Deadly Scourge: The Campaign to Control Diphtheria in New York City,1880-1930. Corrections? Discuss the results with students.

Terms of use | in their handouts.

The high temperatures used to cook food should have killed any bacteria on her hands, but Mary often made ice cream with raw peaches in it.

these products. According to the www.childrenshospitaloakland.org/health_library/pa/hhg/incubate.htm, history1900s.about.com/library/weekly/aa062900a.htm, www.learner.org/channel/workshops/primarysources/disease/activities01.html, 2 14.5 oz.

Her second quarantine lasted 23 years and culminated in her eventual death several years after suffering a paralytic stroke. history. York City during the decades between the end of the Civil War and the end of plastic gloves and open the two cans of beets. bacteria, such as streptococcus, salmonella, and E. coli, but do not claim to

may want to review the following terms with students: bacteria: microscopic, single- celled organisms that can be helpful or It's Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press,1999. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.

New York: Bloomsbury Publishing,2003. Typhoid Mary, byname of Mary Mallon, (born September 23, 1869, Cookstown, County Tyrone, Ireland—died November 11, 1938, North Brother Island, Bronx, New York, U.S.), famous typhoid carrier who allegedly gave rise to multiple outbreaks of typhoid fever.



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