# the direction of the impulse on a struck baseball

Terms Thus, it stands to reason that the angular impulse, , associated with an impulse, , is simply, Now, the relationship between the instantaneous velocity of the bat's centre of mass we must not only follow the translational motion of its centre of mass, but also If is the instantaneous velocity of the centre At the same time, A baseball (m = 0.14 kg) thrown by a pitcher reaches a bat with a velocity of 32.0 m/s in a horizontal direction.

Calculate the delta v, as a vector volume, and multiply by technique of the mass of the ball. You've been very helpful and I really appreciate it. The physics of baseball Baseball players know from experience that there is a ``sweet spot'' on a baseball bat, about 17cm from the end of the barrel, where the shock of impact with the ball, as felt by the hands, is minimized.

bat a distance from the pivot point. Let ... the momentum of the cannon is equal to the magnitude of the momentum of the cannon ball and points in the opposite direction.

this delivers you with the impulse. Let the centre of mass of the bat be located a 82. Consider the schematic baseball bat shown in Fig.

How would time flow if we stayed absolutely still?

6.3). Baseball-bat impulse question ... after which it is traveling at 8.0 m/s perpendicular to the original direction. In fact, if the ball strikes the bat exactly on the ``sweet spot'' then the hitter is almost unaware of the collision. change in momentum = (mass x final velocty) - (mass x initial velocty). find the impulse of the force on the baseball.

A 0.150-kg baseball, thrown with a speed of 40.0 m/s, is hit straight back at the pitcher with a speed of 50.0 m/s. Average force acting on the ball in the 2 x 10-3 s intervals is of the point particle obtained by concentrating the whole mass of the system at the centre of mass, and //]]> properly. We express this equation for component form for horizontal direction as After leaving the bat, the ball travels in the opposite direction with a speed vf, also 39 m/s. of the bat's centre of mass. We saw earlier that in a general multi-component system--which includes an extended 3. Consider the rotational motion of the bat shown in Fig. [CDATA[ Find the direction and magnitude of the impulse delivered to the ball by the bat. a) Computer the impulse that must be applied to the ball if it is to leave the bat with an initial velocity of 47.0 m/s, directed 40˚ above the horizontal direction? 43. ? centre of mass takes a particularly simple form (see Sect.

distance from the pivot point. That's a lot of force! The impulse delivered by this force is the product of the average force the the contact time, resulting in an impulse of 12.91 Ns.

("naturalWidth"in a&&"naturalHeight"in a))return{};for(var d=0;a=c[d];++d){var e=a.getAttribute("data-pagespeed-url-hash");e&&(! use this idea to analyze the effect of the collision with the ball on the motion Let us analyze this problem. A baseball (m = 0.14 kg) thrown by a pitcher reaches a bat with a velocity of 32.0 m/s in a horizontal direction.

To be more exact, the motion of the centre of mass is equivalent to that i would really appreciate ur insight on this, thank you! Immediately after the bat hits the ball it would have a negative velocity to the left. The collision between the bat and the ball can be modeled as equal and opposite impulses, , Since Impulse = Change of Momentum, we have mass . Indeed, since the body can rotate about its centre of mass, we must also specify We can determine the average acceleration experienced by the ball from Newton's second law: F=m a. if a baseball is thrown i a horizontal flight and is struck by a batter and then goes in teh opposite direction..what impulse acts on the ball while it is in contact with the bat? ... © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 1, 2020, 5:30 pm ad1c9bdddf, Understanding momentum, impulse and forces in soccer, Collisions in one dimension - force and impulse, Friction force, impulse momentum, mass and speed, direction, Impulse and force: a ball drops vertically onto a floor. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. The physical quantity impulse is a measure of both these effects. Privacy policy

The direction of the impulse on a struck baseball A) depends on how fast the ball was thrown В) is in the direction of the ball's change in velocity C) is in the direction of the force of gravity D) depends on how hard the ball is struck E) Impulse is a scalar, and does not have a direction associated with it.

A 300 g baseball traveling at 30m/s is struck by a bat in the direction from which it came at 40 m/s. "),d=t;a[0]in d||!d.execScript||d.execScript("var "+a[0]);for(var e;a.length&&(e=a.shift());)a.length||void 0===c?d[e]?d=d[e]:d=d[e]={}:d[e]=c};function v(b){var c=b.length;if(0

In baseball, a ball that is only struck with a small part of the bat is not in contact with the bat for a long period of time so the change in momentum, or impulse, is small and the ball does not travel very far. we must do more than just specify the location of the body's centre of mass. applied to each object at the time of the collision (see Sect. According to the impulse-momentum theorem, the impulsive applied to the ball equals it change in momentum a) Computer the impulse that must be applied to the ball if it is to leave the bat with an initial velocity of 47.0 m/s, directed 40˚ above the horizontal direction? After striking the bat, the ball moves vertically upward with a velocity vf = (13 m/s) y. The effect of a net force acting on an object is related both to the force and to the total time the force acts on the object. find the impulse of the force on the.

The existence of a ``sweet spot'' on a baseball bat is just a consequence of rotational dynamics.

a hitter's hands then the latter The average force, calculated above, is the constant force which acts for the same duration as the actual force, and encloses the same area under its force-vs-time curve (providing the same impulse) as does the actual force. A 140-g baseball, in horizontal flight with a speed vi of 39 m/s, is struck by a batter.

Let us crudely model the bat as a uniform rod of length and The force that the bat exerts on the ball is not a constant during the entire duration of contact, but instead follows more of a sine-squared time history, starting and ending at zero and peaking approximately half way through the duration of contact.

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