It also improves shipping conditions. From 2003 to 2007, power production equaled that of 84 million tonnes of standard coal.[82]. The moving mass (including counterweights) is 34,000 tonnes. [84] Because the flow is slower above the dam, much of this sediment will now settle there instead of flowing downstream, and there will be less sediment downstream. [143][144][145] However, 163,000 concrete units of the Three Gorges Dam all passed quality testing and the deformation was within design limits. [94] Already, the percentage of forested area in the region surrounding the Three Gorges Dam has dropped from twenty percent in 1950 to less than ten percent as of 2002,[94] negatively affecting all plant species in this locality. The Three Gorges Dam is the world's largest capacity hydroelectric power station with 34 generators: 32 main generators, each with a capacity of 700 MW, and two plant power generators, each with capacity of 50 MW, making a total capacity of 22,500 MW. The ship locks are to the right (northeast) of the ship lift. In 2012, the dam's 32 generating units generated a record 98.1 TWh of electricity, which accounts for 14% of China's total hydro generation. The wall beyond is to separate spillway and turbine flows from the lock and ship lift upstream approach channel. Joe Hoft is the twin brother of TGP's founder, Jim Hoft. Each of them is made up of five stages, with transit time at around four hours.

In 1958, after the Hundred Flowers Campaign, some engineers who spoke out against the project were imprisoned. Chinese officials dismissed the claims and reiterated earlier assessments of the safety and structural integrity of the dam. 15 started up on October 30, 2008. However, the municipal government explained that the relocation is due to urbanization, rather than the dam, and people involved included other areas of the municipality. The greater the head, the less water needed to reach full power.

Without soybeans from Brazil and the USA and wheat from Australia and Europe and the US, China cannot feed its livestock let alone its human population. Many other fish are hurt in the turbine blades of the hydroelectric plants as well.

In November 2007, it was reported in the local media that construction of the ship lift started in October 2007.

[11][13][14] The last major component of the project, the ship lift, was completed in December 2015. Other provinces had to pay an additional charge of ¥4.00 per MWh. [98], In 2010, NASA scientists calculated that the shift of water mass stored by the dams would increase the total length of the Earth's day by 0.06 microseconds and make the Earth slightly more round in the middle and flat on the poles.[99]. Before the dam was constructed, the maximum freight capacity at the Three Gorges site was 18.0 million tonnes per year. I’m not going to quantify the damage, it’s very clear that the collapse would be catastrophic. China regards the project as a monumental social and economical success,[16] with the design of state-of-the-art large turbines,[17] and a move toward limiting greenhouse gas emissions. [90] Over one billion tons of wastewater are released annually into the river,[84] which was more likely to be swept away before the reservoir was created. [146] A German-based hydraulic engineer, Wang Weiluo, who has criticized the Three Gorges Dam project for years, claims that financial abuse by related governmental bureaucrats and rushed construction work have led to structural weaknesses that may cause the dam to fail through leakages in the foundation. Some hydrologists expect downstream riverbanks to become more vulnerable to flooding. [137], The 600 km (370 mi) long reservoir flooded some 1,300 archaeological sites and altered the appearance of the Three Gorges as the water level rose over 91 m (300 ft). Even fully operational, on average, it supports only about 1.7% of electricity demand in China in the year of 2011, when the Chinese electricity demand reached 4692.8 TWh.

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