There are over 200 species in the hawthorn genus, so the Wikipedia entry. After planting, water them well and cover the soil around the tree with a 2-inch-thick layer of mulch to prevent weeds and soil-moisture evaporation. For comparison, the sidewalk trees are Washington hawthorns with impressive thorns. If rotting flesh attracts flies, and flies are useful for pollination, the rotting flesh smell will help the hawthorn make more hawthorns. The haws on the hawthorn in the west triangle are plump and red in December, just in time for the holidays. Not everyone likes the fragrance of the hawthorn flowers, and the British say that the flowers smell like the Great Plague of London. Simple, alternate leaves, 1 to 3 inches long;  3 to 5 lobed and triangular in shape overall; toothed margins.Leaves are dark green in summer, changing to red or purple in fall. Water spring-planted trees regularly and deeply through the first growing season.

The late fruit is a blessing for the birds who eat them when other food is getting scarce. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Flowers are unpleasantly scented; small white flowers in broad, flat clusters; late spring.

Prickly thorns that grow to around 3 inches. Named selection of Washington hawthorn will also be grafted. Here are two very sharp 2-inch thorns on the tree in the southwest triangle. But comparting descriptions (and photos) of C. phaenopyrum and C. viridis should … The Latin word Crataegus means hardness or strength and phaenopyrum means ‘with the appearance of a pear’. The tree has delicate spring flowers, and the deep green summer leaves turn gold to red in autumn. It is often multi-trunked and its flowers give off a strong, sweet smell in late spring. The shrubby trees are used for hedgerows in Europe, as the thorns discourage passage. The common name literally means thorny hedge. Bark is rough and slightly shaggy with age. ​​As the common name "hawthorn" suggests, the trees bear fruits called haws and most species have thorns that are 2-3 inches long on trunk and branches.

This photo of a hawthorn on the 19th Street sidewalk clearly shows the graft line near the base of the tree. It has the typical white flowers, followed by red fruit that persist into winter. The Washington hawthorn is also more resistant to fireblight, a bacterial infection that can damage many fruit trees, including crabapple and hawthorns. What a rootstock might be - if one is present - would be determined by the morphology of the suckers, same as with the scion (part grafted on top). If rotting flesh attracts flies, and flies are useful for pollination, the rotting flesh smell will help the hawthorn make more hawthorns. : Lines Go Up-Down, Length of Leaf (or Leaflet)? Washington hawthorn is one of the commonly planted hawthorn species. Just across the path is the other hawthorn in the west triangle. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Washington hawthorn trees thrive in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 8. : Yes. Louisville Plants That Are Most Easily Confused With This One? Have tree and plant questions? The Washington Hawthorn also has a spread of 25 to 35 feet. “Hawthorn is most commonly used to treat heart disease and to treat and prevent cardiovascular disorders. The haws on the hawthorn in the west triangle are plump and red in December, just in time for the holidays. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Unique Morphological Features of Plant? The Washington Hawthorn's native range is western Virginia & North Carolina, most of Tennessee, much of Kentucky, southeast Missouri, southern Illinois, southwest to … In folk medicine, hawthorn is used as a heart tonic and treatment, to regulate blood pressure, and as a sedative, but it hasn't been proven to be effective for any of these ailments,”  (Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine). Hawthorns will usually have white blossoms that in some cases smell nice and in others smell pretty bad. “Hawthorn is most commonly used to treat heart disease and to treat and prevent …

This tree yields persistent red fruits (pomes). Cedar rust diseases, fireblight, leaf spots, scale and mites. Each bud will produce a flower, and each fertilized flower will produce a haw. Washington Hawthorn Care. Flower buds getting ready to open on April 12. Instructions on how to grow a Washington hawthorn are not complex. If you find a tree that has favored qualities, growing another from its seed may result in variable results. You can have a bushy Hawthorn shrub or a fairly good sized 30 foot tall Hawthorn tree. The Washington Hawthorn is the largest of all the Hawthorns and was introduced to the United States from Europe in the late 1700s. : Changes to Reddish-Orange, Shape of Individual Flower? Hawthorn is also drunk for insomnia and nervous conditions and used as a gargle for sore throats. Serrated green leaves and fruits in July. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Hawthorn grows best in full sun and average, well-drained soil. It is often multi-trunked and its flowers give off a strong, sweet smell in late spring. : Landscape Tree or a Native Species, Stem (or Trunk) Diameter? Its leaves go from reddish-purple to dark green to orange and finally to scarlet or purple as the year goes by. They may prevent blockages from coming back after a surgical procedure called angioplasty…. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. In Europe, hawthorn leaf has been scientifically proven to expand the blood vessels and let more oxygen-rich blood reach the heart muscles; increase the strength of the heartbeat and slightly increase its speed; and help the heart by reducing resistance throughout the rest of the circulatory system. Family Name (Scientific and Common): Rosaceae (Rose), Continent of Origin: Mediterranean region, Manner of Culture? Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. These flowers, known for their distinctive odor, eventually produce …

Washington hawthorn trees can grow up to a height of 35 feet but in general, they hover between 25 to 35 feet in height. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu.

You can generalize about some aspects of this family.

It has the typical white flowers, followed by red fruit that persist into winter. They are a late blooming species which typically bloom from late spring to early summer.

: More Than The Diameter of a Coffee-Mug, Characteristics of Mature (Brownish) Bark? : Smaller than a Quarter, Fruit Desirable to Birds or Squirrels? Washington hawthorn on 19th … : Radially Symmetrical, Size of Individual Flower? There is strong evidence that antioxidants lower the risk of heart attacks, strokes, and deaths from heart diseases, but this has not been proven in studies. Part of the Plant (the fruit is poisonous to human beings). Family (English): Rose. Thornless hawthorn in the southwest triangle, looking east, in July. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. The late fruit is a blessing for the birds who eat them when other food is getting scarce. Our trees. Another option is to graft a sprig from the tree you like onto a more mundane tree's roots (the root stock). Fruit reddens … Simple, alternate leaves, 1 to 3 inches long;  3 to 5 lobed and triangular in shape overall; toothed margins. Building the urban forest for 2050. Poisonous? The following menu has 3 levels. All common names: Washington hawthorn. Height is 15-25 feet and spread 15-20 feet. : Less than Length of a Credit Card, Change in Color of Foliage in October? The older hawthorns within the Park also have graft scars but as trees age the scar becomes less prominent. It increases blood flow to the heart by dilating the coronary arteries; lowers blood pressure and eases the heart's workload by dilating arteries in the arms and legs; and increases the force of the heart's contractions. Bark is rough and slightly shaggy with age.This plant has thorns on the stems. Hawthorn leaf is used for angina and weak heart. Antioxidants are believed to help the coronary arteries dilate and increase blood flow to the heart.



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